Zimbabwe ill-prepared for the Ebola scare

Garikai Dzoma Avatar
The emergency numbers don't even work.
The emergency numbers don’t even seem to be working.

One day, in early March this year, a Guinean man, had a craving for meat. He packed his weapons and went into the forest where he was lucky enough to make an easy kill.

He came back home, his wife cooked dinner for him and because he was impatient, he ate the meat before it was fully cooked. Unknown to him the meat was infected with the Zaire ebolavirus and the unknown man became patient zero.

A little over five months later and we have had a suspected 1603 cases (as of 1 August) and 887 deaths and the virus has spread over four countries in West Africa. How can this happen in the modern day and age? Complacency and failure by the involved governments to utilise technologies at their disposal contributed significantly the the rapid spread of this virus.

The result has been the largest Ebola outbreak in history. The governments and health officials of the affected countries did not respond appropriately to the scourge.

For example in the case of Nigeria, a man travelling from the affected region, even showed the symptoms during the flight to Nigeria, was allowed to have contact with several people bringing the outbreak to Nigeria even though any reasonable measures should have included quarantine.

With news of the outbreak every Tom and Harry who got a cough swamped hospitals claiming to have the virus even though they had never had contact with anyone with the virus.

So in addition to the actual Ebola cases there is panic and distrust of the government in not only Nigeria but in the other countries where armies have been deployed. Meanwhile the social media is churning at full speed powering the rumour mill.

Whilst governments are busy battling the virus they have neglected the need to communicate what they are doing and alarmists have risen to fill the void. Church leaders and televangelists are also ridding this wave with claims that they can cure the virus ringing out of every avenue that they can find including the internet.

One Facebook post here by a pastor calling himself Ituah Ighodalo claims that people have been cured in the past by a Pastor John G Lake. A refutal by the Washington Post shows that the said Pastor Lake was already dead when the outbreak mentioned in the testimony took place. How and why it happened?

  • Complacency. The “it will never happen to us” attitude.
  • Failure to disseminate information about the outbreak
  • Failure to assure those in affected areas resulting in panic and riots
  • No proper communication between governments and travel departments of different countries resulting in infected people spreading the virus to other countries.

What the Zimbabwean government should do.

  • The Ebola virus just like its computer counterparts is pernicious. We should do away with the presumption that we are safe owing to our geographical distance and start being proactive and remember the H1N1 outbreak of 2009 which found its way here.
  • The country must take advantage of its 106% mobile penetration rate to communicate with its citizens about this virus and outbreak. Things like symptoms must be clearly communicated to the populace so that suspected outbreaks can be quickly identified and false alarms avoided allowing medical officials to deal with genuine cases only. Although there is no cure the chances of survival increase significantly when the treatment and medical caring starts early.
  • Telecom operators like Econet, Telecel and Netone must send SMS blasts to their subscribers telling them about the virus and allaying people’s fears. For example how the virus is spread, telling people to avoid unnecessary handshaking with people showing Ebola like symptoms, poor sanitation and not washing your hands exacerbates the spread of the virus as well as the fact that the virus is survivable. Messages like this would be helpful.
  • It is shocking that emergency numbers don’t seem to be working. Dialing 112/999/911 results in a network error. We are all used to scenes in movies when the hero dials 911 and the phone is answered promptly, here in Zimbabwe you would be better advised to call the hospital directly which means you need to know the number in advance, which might not always be possible. The network operators and the ministries of health and home affairs need to do something about this.
  • A clear communication that this is not some spiritual curse that is caused by spirits and a directive to all religious and traditional organisations to make sure that all patients are admitted to hospitals instead
  • Create a database of all church leaders, churches, prophets and their doctrines including intelligence gathering on their activities and doctrines. This is the post-Gumbura world for Christ’s sake. Yet some “prophets” have continued to make some absurd claims bordering on the illegal with little consequence.
  • African health ministries must take advantage of technologies such as the internet to create a unified response to this pandemic.
  • Vigilance from the relevant fields to monitor such things as travelers coming from the affected regions. Again Africa would benefit immensely from a unified travel database and uniform visa requirements would benefit other sectors such as tourism as well.

I fear the Ebola virus will catch us unawares and ill-prepared in this country. Maybe I am just overreacting. In either case an official communication from our government on the matter would greatly be appreciated. If they made it on ZBC It’s likely a lot of people missed it: we do Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp now.

Image Credit: BET


  1. isaac

    Thanks for bringing this up, Garikai. Considering the high number of west africans now resident in most southern african countries, there is high risk of the disease spreading to the region. Just one infected person travelling from west africa is enough to create all sorts of problems for us down here. Hope the relevant authorities will take necessary action.

  2. tinm@n

    You say the Zimbabwean Government is not prepared yet you fail to cite or breakdown what their preparedness is to deal with such an infection.
    All FUD, alarmist and purely speculative on your part

    1. Garikai

      The fact that I or you don’t know about their preparations when we should seeing as it is that we should be part of those preparations is in itself damning evidence. The preparations, if they exist should be public knowledge and not a secret. Experience in the affected regions has shown that if the governments involved choose to play with the cards close to their chests the end result is failure. Ergo our government is ill-prepared because we don’t know what they are doing!!

      1. tinm@n

        Flawed reasoning. I don’t know it therefore it does not exist. No substance or fact just presumptions. Stuff of bar talk not based on any authority of fact.

        1. colourblu

          Seeing that you’re the knowledgeable and most reasonable one here , why don’t you share with us then what the gvt is doing on that front, What substance are looking for in this article ? Is this an article from the ministry of health that u would ask then to give you figures and statistics? If you’re are government agent/official please enlighten us more because all we want as citizens is a way to deal with such an eventuality , We have had cholera in the past, many pple died and the government’s hand was more visible on the side of the causes than the solution.

          1. tinm@n

            You can’t make such an assertion without fact or evidence of enquiry and feedback. Such a bold statement which he has failed to adequately substantiate. You don’t even need to be an official.
            Do a Google.Ebola is on global watchlists with substantial backing by the WHO in which Zim is a member and beneficiary.
            If he did a simple Google again he would know there are regional meetings(read SADC) to address it.
            Your ignorance does not mean whatever state of affairs you dream up are true.

        2. Garikai Dzoma

          Well, if you are looking for evidence, try calling for an ambulance from your phone. It is tragic when the emergency services aren’t working well, something that has n’t been happening for a while. Over 2000 people died from cholera despite our government’s protestations about sanctions. When it comes to preparedness in this country I only count what I can see not what they say they have. But it is a matter of opinion, and I was clear on that.

          1. colourblu

            tinm@n, You honestly think SADC and WHO meetings would save the pple of Zimbabwe in the event of an outbreak? Did you even read what Garikai wrote? If I got it well which I knw I did, he said if at all the gvt is doin anything without involving and educating the citizens the plan will not work because its the citizens who wil hv to get it implemented, in Liberia pple are dying(WHO report) because they are reluctant to get their relatives quarantined , and some believe then can cure ebola on their own at home , thus further quickening the spread. This is what happens when the gvt does not educate and prepare its people, I was in Zim when pple were dying from cholera the government only reacted way later , yet it ws responsible for exposing its citizens to cholera in the first place. So I maintain , doing a simple google, SADC holding meetings, WHO putting Ebola on watch list all that is not whats going to save us in the event of an outbreak. Its down to the level of preparedness of individuals , families, institutions districts going all the way up.

    2. Garikai
  3. morgkutirai

    Thank u Garikai

  4. Farai

    My 2c. African Gvts loot state resources without thinking of the results. Look at cholera in Harare. Why does it spread? Imagine ebola on the loose in Chitown. Corruption has destroyed the health systems and the necessary infrastructure does not exist to help fight this virus. Technology is there. Money is not.

  5. Sekuru


  6. Ndodya Ndega

    We, Africans, usually operate in an environment of chaos, jambajamba. Most of the Africans are undisciplined, feral, impulsive, violent, afflicted by extremes of ignorance. Look at the Liberians in Monrovia and compare them to the Chinese during the SARS outbreak. In Zimbabwe, Cholera, which is spread by fecal-oral means, if one washes the hands and drinks boiled water, there is no possibility of getting Cholera! Yet in Zimbabwe, whatever the circumstances, people drink sewage water and then go to pray! In China, with 1.5 billion people, faced by a disease that was spread by coughing, people followed simple public health measures to protect themselves against SARS (H1N5). You can forget about Zimbabweans having any kind of emergency or contingency plan, we don’t plan further than the next meal. There was an Ebola scare in Zimbabwe in 1993-1994 when an outbreak in Zaire wiped out a village and some Congolese traveled via Livingstone en route to South Africa and collapsed and died at Victoria Falls Hospital. We all just sighed with relief “luck enough ndararama”. The only flicker of light is herd immunity against Ebola.