Why we need DNA testing in Zimbabwe

Garikai Dzoma Avatar

DNABiology has seen to it that one of the least disputed things in life is maternity. If a woman thinks it is her child then in all probability that is the almost always the case. On the other hand men are not so fortunate. In fact a study of Harare magistrate’s court cases in 2011 revealed that in two cases out of three when a man suspected the child was not his, the child was indeed not his. Thanks to DNA testing they were exonerated and spared from these dubious claims.

In this study it was also found that whilst the Harare Magistrate’s court dealt with 427 cases of maintenance claims, after the adoption of the multiple currency system, the number skyrocketed to 2 174 in 2010 and still rose further to 3 040 in 2011. In 2012 the number of maintenance cases was expected to surpass the 10,000 mark. A similar study published in the Herald of 17 March 2012 concurs with the aforementioned study by stating that 70% of maintenance claims were found to be dubious using DNA testimony.

What the studies do not mention is the hardships faced by those who were exonerated. The men had to fork out a minimum of $500 for the DNA tests which are conducted abroad because Zimbabwe does not have a forensic laboratory equipped to conduct DNA tests. This and the pressure of other cases results in an average 6 months delay during which interim period the man, in addition to funding the DNA tests, is also expected to pay maintenance. In most cases, that is the price of their indiscretion, but when the claim is later proven to be false, it is hard not to feel there has been a miscarriage of justice in presuming a man guilty.

The importance of DNA testing in paternity and other court cases cannot be overemphasized. In fact, in the modern day forensic world it can be the only thing standing between a person’s innocence and conviction. Under Roman-Dutch law – the applicable law in Zimbabwe – a man can only dispute paternity using either sterility or DNA defense and the burden of proof is on the man. The burden of proof is reversed and the man has to prove he is not the father of said baby. Most men cannot afford the expensive tests and end up paying maintenance for children that are not theirs.

When DNA testing was adopted in other countries a lot of people who had been convicted, some who had even been placed on death row, were found to be innocent. An example is that of a man from Dallas, Texas, in the United States who was convicted in 1979 and spent 30 years in prison for robbery and rape. He was found to be innocent using DNA testing after such a travesty of justice – a lifetime spent in prison! One wonders how many people are in our jails for crimes they did not commit who would be free if we had DNA testing as part of our routine police procedures.

Forget paternity, scientists world over have managed to trace diseases like cancer to our genes. The likelihood of a person developing or not developing breast or prostate cancer for example can effectively be answered by looking at their genes and DNA testing is to gene study what a microscope is to microbiology. In a country where family medical history is patchy in the best of circumstances the gaps could be filled by DNA testing if it were only affordable and readily available in our local hospitals.

DNA testing can also be used in determining our heritage. Before you start hating the early Portuguese settlers it might be nice to know if you are not related to one. Did you have a Chinese/Arab ancestor somewhere in your past?

Despite the obvious importance of a Forensics laboratory in Zimbabwe that is capable of conducting DNA testing, people in this country still have to rely on labs in South Africa and other countries to conduct their DNA tests. The costs involved effectively precludes most people from considering the option. The last time we heard our government even talking about a forensics laboratory was in 2010 when Germany pledged to give us one. Why our government would not consider building one for itself is a mystery.


  1. Concern Shoko

    Are private organisations/individuals allowed to build such Labs? If yes, then takagarira mari apo. $500 for a single test??? Am sure the client base is BIG…

    1. Shaka Mambo

      The costs of performing test is about 3 quarters of the price of the test. And there are legal issues involved so its not very attractive for private labs to invest in this test.

      1. Concern Shoko

        As long there is a profit at the end of the day. And legal issues….every biz in Zim does have such things to chew, worse still, some have political issues to grind!

        There is a “white elephant” (medical facility) in Hillside, Bulawayo along Cecil Ave, built by then VP Joshua Nkomo decades ago. Very beautiful and “modern”. Sadly its never been used. It was supposed to be a specialist medical facility for things like heart disease and cancer. Turned out to be a victim of the situation. Now if some progressive minded Zimbo can turn that into a national DNA Lab or whatever its called, I blv its will be a great step forward for our Nation.

        1. Chris Mberi

          I know the place you are talking about and I’m just wondering; whats the exact hold up on that place?

  2. Loyd Kambuzuma

    Sounds like the government doesn’t have the money to run Forensics labs for DNA testing.

    1. Bvanyangu

      If the government starts the labs, vana vese vanonzi ndevaTsvangirai 🙂

  3. tinma@n

    Amongst health issues, DNA testing isnt of high priority, so it is more of a want-to-have than a need-to-have.

    The ratio of court cases needing paternity tests + crime-related forensic requirements is outweighed by more pertinent health issues.

    It is only temporary that the cost is high. Its just not important right now. Genealogy tests are very expensive by the way, even in the affluent nations. More general tests like paternity tests are under $200 in places like the US. They have thousands of PRIVATE companies who provide healthy competition.

    1. Mukuwasha

      And here I thought prevention was better than cure. Identify cancer gene, take preventative measures Health problems solved/ crime problems solved two birds with one stone.

    2. Chris Mberi

      You are displaying apathy towards an issue way bigger than you like to put it. As people, we study plenty stuff about the world around us yet we forget to try and understand ourselves so we can better understand were we fit into natures ecosystem. We cannot always wait for others to learn, development then sell us technology when it becomes cheap without us participating in the development stages. We need DNA technology now and learn to profile ourselves before anyone tempers with our genes using immunization drugs without us even knowing. I strongly believe we should stop being zombies in this global village.

    3. Tiri

      Dai uriwe uri mujeri vaisazvitaura zvauri kuita izvi.

    4. Zupta

      apa waritidza kufunga kwe munhu we zanu. wandi setsa wena.

  4. Tiri

    I couldn’t agree more. I was made to pay maintenance for 2 years for a child who was not even mine. Zvinorwadza vakomana.

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  6. Pome

    L pay mantainence but l suspect l want DNA how much ende ari kuitwepi

  7. Garikai

    I have adequately dealt with this here http://www.techzim.co.zw/2014/01/aibst-brings-forensic-science-and-dna-testing-to-zimbabwe/ Cost should be around $300 for a paternity test.

  8. Bongi

    Can i have a sibling taste, my sister in law is living with a child alleged to be my husbands even though my husband denies it.

  9. Anonymous

    Hw much is it doing doing DNA tests

  10. jose

    Once you discover that you were tricked into raising another man’s child you sue the woman for paternity fraud. Its cheaper to pay for DNA paternity test than to pay maintenance for 18 years for a child that is not yours.